Go to main content
Professional
Donate
Core sectors

Economic Recovery

The Economic Recovery sector is one of DRC’s five core sectors of intervention. Its overall objective is to support conflict- and displacement-affected individuals and households in meeting their essential needs in a sustainable manner (self-reliance) and in building their ability to mitigate, adapt to and recover from shocks and stresses in a manner that reduces chronic vulnerability (resilience).

DRC Economic Recovery programming does not aim to recover entire economies, but rather focuses on the recovery of individuals and their households following a crisis or a shock.

The sector primarily focuses on supporting people’s capacity to subsist (produce for self-consumption) or generate income and other economic assets in a safe, dignified, and resilient manner. This necessitates the consideration and incorporation in programme design of various social, cultural, political, environmental and other relevant factors that influence an individual or household’s economic recovery.

Such considerations inform programming that frequently involves a combination of individual-, household-, community- and systems-level interventions that leverage a variety of modalities, including Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA), as well as Markets and other Systems-based Approaches (MSA).

3 Sub-Sectors of Economic Recovery

The overall sector objective is achieved via three interconnected sub-sectors, namely:

Food security activities ensure that individuals and households have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and quality food.

Achieving food security outcomes fundamentally requires a holistic, integrated multi-sectoral approach. DRC’s Economic Recovery programming contributes to achieving Food Security through a combination of two broad categories of intervention:

    1. On the demand side, interventions that support the capacity of individuals and households to meet their basic food needs by ensuring that they have both the economic means to access foods (e.g. through consumption support) and the physical means to access relevant commodity markets;
    2. On the supply side, interventions that ensure that critical market systems and value chains that support basic food needs are functional, resilient to shocks, and responsive to needs in crisis or displacement contexts (e.g. through support to regenerative practices in local agricultural production and natural resource management).

Financial inclusion activities ensure that individuals and businesses have effective access to useful, affordable, and adapted financial products and services (e.g. transactions, payments, savings, credit, loans, and insurance) and that these financial products and services are delivered in a responsible, inclusive and sustainable way.

DRC’s Economic Recovery programming contributes to achieving Financial Inclusion through a combination of two types of interventions:

    1. On the demand side, working with individuals, households, and communities on access, knowledge, understanding, and use of such financial products and services (e.g. through financial literacy trainings);
    2. On the supply side, working through formal (e.g. banks, Microfinance Institutions, etc.) and informal providers (e.g. Village Loans and Savings Associations, brokers, etc.) to ensure that the relevant financial products and services are available, affordable, and where relevant, adapted to the needs of displacement-affected people.

Decent livelihoods activities ensure that individuals and households have the means to cover their needs and the needs of their household through diversified income streams stemming from sustainable and decent work.

Livelihoods interventions are about protecting, replacing or facilitating access of vulnerable individuals and households to (human, physical, financial, social, natural) resources that they can use to subsist and/or generate an income.

DRC recognises that all sources of livelihoods are not equally desirable and promotes the development of diversified livelihoods opportunities that are decent and sustainable, whether in formal or informal labour markets.

As an intermediary step, DRC’s livelihoods interventions can also comprise emergency livelihoods interventions that facilitate access to immediate, temporary income through wage employment opportunities or other income-generating activities.

DRC’s Economic Recovery programming contributes to achieving sustainable and decent livelihoods through a combination of two types of interventions:

    1. On the demand side, providing employment support to individuals and households through developing human and social productive capabilities (e.g. life and technical skills, social networks, practical experience) and supporting their access to physical, natural, and financial productive assets (e.g. natural resources, tools, equipment, etc.) that will help them effectively access agricultural and non-agricultural labour markets, either through wage employment or self-employment.
    2. On the supply side, generating decent and sustainable employment opportunities for vulnerable populations affected by displacement through (a) business support, by working with micro, small, and medium businesses (MSMEs) that are starting up or scaling up their activities, (b) market systems and value chain development, by working with the private sector in sectors and markets with potential for employment, and ensuring that the market environment is conducive to the employment of people of concern by supporting, strengthening, or developing specific actors, infrastructures, support functions, norms, and regulations; (c) decent work promotion, working with individual employers to ensure that the work opportunities that are available are decent and sustainable.

Cross-cutting expertise embedded in the Economic Recovery Unit

In addition to supporting core Economic Recovery programming through these three sub-sectors, the Economic Recovery unit also currently hosts, at the global level and in some regional and country offices, the technical expertise on some cross-cutting modalities and approaches.

More specifically, the Economic Recovery staff provides technical expertise for Market Systems Approaches (MSA), which is a methodology and principle of analysis underpinning how any programme, whichever sector it pertains to, will always interact with local markets (both affect them and be affected by them), and how some programmes can actively work through or support these local markets.

Through the use of MSA, DRC recognises that complex systems of exchange are an essential part of the everyday life of the people that we serve (e.g. they depend on exchanges to meet their needs, access social services, develop livelihoods, and participate in society), and that these market systems can affect people of concern positively or negatively.

In seeking to more systematically analyse and assess conflict- and displacement-affected individuals and households as a part of market systems, DRC acknowledges that our responses inherently affect local market systems, that crises affect access to, and functionality of, the markets, and that market actors are consistently proven to be among first responders in a crisis.

The objective of advancing the uptake of MSA across the organisation is  to ensure:

  1. at minimum that the interventions we design do no harm, and
  2. wherever relevant, appropriate, and feasible, that we design effective and successful market-based interventions that use, support, or change markets in ways that ensure better market access for all.

The Economic Recovery Unit at the global level also hosts technical expertise with respect to Cash & Voucher Assistance (CVA) which, where feasible and appropriate, is recognised by DRC as the most efficient and effective modality for transferring resources directly to conflict- and displacement affected people in order to help meet their basic needs or achieve other sectoral outcomes.

The Economic Recovery unit also hosts at the global level the organisation’s technical expertise on the Graduation Approach (GA), which is a holistic, timebound, integrated programme model composed of a sequenced set of interventions along four pillars (social protection, livelihoods promotion, financial inclusion, and social empowerment) targeted at refugee and other displaced households that are living in extreme poverty.

News about Economic RecoveryView all news

06 Feb 2024

A Day of Disaster & a Year of Challenges

12 Jan 2024

Ukraine: Vital cash support to internally displaced persons amidst war

02 Jan 2024

DRC Yemen: Transforming Lives in 2023

13 Dec 2023

Ukraine: Surviving captivity in 2014, mother of 2 had to flee from home amidst the onset of war

03 Dec 2023

Cash assistance is it’s impact on Amir and his displaced family

29 Oct 2023

Stories from Yemen: DRC Economic Recovery Interventions

26 Sep 2023

New jobs for now: Supporting municipalities against the earthquake aftermath

22 Sep 2023

After years of crisis, small scale economic recovery brings hope and change in the Central African Republic

12 Sep 2023

Empowering the Sharaqui Community: A Journey of Transformation through Access to Clean Water

11 Sep 2023

Women in western Afghanistan to benefit from integrated DRC support

03 Sep 2023

Fostering Economic Resilience: Danish Refugee Council hosts Market Linkage events in Iraq to support entrepreneurs to thrive

28 Aug 2023

Bangladesh: Empowering women in refugee host communities

22 Aug 2023

A Father’s Pride

10 Aug 2023

"I have always taken my decisions with the priority of supporting my family that remained in Lebanon in mind"

03 Aug 2023

Providing Cash Assistance to Help Displaced People Rebuild Their Lives

06 Jun 2023

How DRC’s mine action work is restoring hope in Iraq

06 Jun 2023

Yemen: Cash assistance is improving lives in Lahj

17 May 2023

Adella's journey of resilience, empowerment, and success in Kalobeyei refugee settlement

26 Apr 2023

“Finding courage to start all over was tough”. Businesses across Ukraine adapt to wartime challenges

24 Apr 2023

‘‘My eye vision is no longer blurry,’’- the story of Batula, an IDP in Mogadishu

28 Mar 2023

Noura’s pursuit for excellence: A story of hope and resilience

16 Mar 2023

DRC Secretary General: We have reached 3 million Ukrainians

30 Jan 2023

Mykolaiv: A city without doors, windows and half of its citizens

29 Dec 2022

Moldova: Compassion, solidarity - and warmth

29 Dec 2022

Easing the winter for vulnerable families in Kosovo

15 Dec 2022

Cash transfers are rebuilding lives and creating resilient communities in Uganda

15 Nov 2022

How cash grants help displaced cope in Ukraine

04 Oct 2022

Financial Aid for Ukrainians in BiH

13 Sep 2022

Plastic pays

30 Aug 2022

Addressing Food Insecurity of Households Facing Protracted Displacement in Northern Shan

16 Aug 2022

Cash providing a food-secure line to displaced families in Northern Shan, Myanmar

01 Aug 2022

Restoring the dignity of drought-affected families in Somalia

25 Jul 2022

Restoring life in Zindajan

07 Jul 2022

The Transition to Peace and Recovery in Rural Afghanistan

17 Feb 2022

Repairing homes on former frontlines in Afghanistan

13 Dec 2021

Self-reliance efforts must not lose sight of the achievement of durable solutions

13 Dec 2021

Statement on the Global Compact on Refugees High Level Officials Meeting

10 Dec 2021

"I dream of opening a shop on the main street of town": Exploring links between gender, economic empowerment and violence against women in Iraq

We work with Economic Recovery in these countries

Read more about DRC's core sectors

Humanitarian disarmament and peacebuilding

Humanitarian disarmament and peacebuilding

Read more
Camp coordination and camp management

Camp coordination and camp management

Read more